CBRN-E crime and offenders' motives. What is it? Why people do it?

Topics related to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive materials are increasingly being discussed in today´s society. Their connection with crime leads us to another dimension, which necessarily requires deeper investigation. This significantly affects several types of crime, including environmental crime, because they are closely related to each other. From practice, we feel that there is no comprehensive (and) global view of law enforcement activities in the existing complex CBRN-E crime. We also perceive the shortcomings in the standard operational procedures of security forces for CBRN-E incidents, which must be regularly updated in connection with emerging technologies. These shortcomings often stem from the different terminology from which many activities are derived. This applies in particular to CBRN police units, teams such as SWAT, EOD, K9, special operation teams (undercover), security and protection forces, CSI-forensics, public order police, environmental police, and anti-narcotics force, etc. Literature writes mostly about CBRN-E terrorism, and only a minimal amount of information on wide range of CBRN-E crimes is mentioned. Therefore, linking this topic only to terrorism is not relevant today. It is necessary to perceive this phenomenon in a broader context. The aim of this article is to present the results of our comparative study related to the definitions of CBRN-E and HazMat materials, threats, and incidents. In the article, we also propose our own definition and categorization of CBRN-E crime, including related concepts based on our examination of real cases around the world, a study of the literature, legislation and history. Another aim of this paper is to create a basis for in-depth qualitative and quantitative research by the ISEM Institute related to the prevalence of CBRN-E crime in selected countries, as well as a framework for a deep case comparative study. In the final part of the article, we will focus on the motivation, motive and intents in committing CBRN-E crime using specific analysed cases, which may be used in the future in the investigation of similar cases and case linkage.

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Crime scene investigation in a CBRN context

CBRN-E crimes are closely linked to environmental crime and their number is constantly growing. Their investigation is a major challenge, and many countries urgently need to improve their systems. An important role for law enforcement agencies is to identify, secure and provide relevant evidence in court proceedings to ensure that the perpetrators are brought to justice. On-site investigation in the CBRN context must therefore meet high quality standards to maintain the safety of investigators and preserve the evidence, which requires skilled and educated experts. This preprint paper describes the basic attributes of a crime scene investigation under CBRN conditions and recommends a global framework of procedures for investigators. It represents a basis for future Biological and Chemical Crime Scene Management Guidance Manual for Law Enforcement planned to be developed by international team of experts under the Umbrella of UNICRI.

FULL ARTICLE LINK HERE 

Leaflets for Law Enforcement Agencies - How to act in the COVID-19 environment during a police duty

These guidelines also include information leaflets in a separate ZIP attachment. Full text guidelines provide basic facts about COVID-19 and suggests adequate procedures related to protection of police officers from SARS-Cov2 virus infection and contamination while performing their regular duty, intervention and police operation. Low enforcement officers within different units may get familiar with various risky COVID-19 zones, preparedness for a risky duty and the selection of appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). The guidelines recommend the propre dressing and use of PPE during police duty, decontamination and disinfection procedures, undressing as well as bio-waste management. This Guidance can be freely distributed only to law enforcement agencies upon the request sent to info@isemi.sk. Each police agency can use this framework of guidelines and adapt it to its national or regional situation and legislation.

FULL ARTICLE LINK HERE

GUIDANCE FOR POLICE AND GENDARMERIE OFFICERS - HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF IN CORONAVIRUS RISKY ENVIRONMENTS

These guidelines provide basic facts about COVID-19 and suggests adequate procedures related to protection of police officers from SARS-Cov2 virus infection and contamination while performing their regular duty, intervention and police operation. Low enforcement officers within different units may get familiar with various risky COVID-19 zones, preparedness for a risky duty and the selection of appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE). The guidelines recommend the propre dressing and use of PPE during police duty, decontamination and disinfection procedures, undressing as well as bio-waste management. This Guidance can be freely distributed only to law enforcement agencies. Each police agency can use this framework of guidelines and adapt it to its national or regional situation and legislation.Guidelines also include information leaflets in a separate ZIP attachment.

FULL ARTICLE LINK HERE

How Slovakia Fought COVID-19

COVID-19 has caused a hitherto unknown crisis around the world. The crisis has revealed how countries are prepared for similar situations in legal, material and procedural terms. It also revealed people’s nature as well as politicians’ ability to take decisions and act. Furthermore, the COVID-19 crisis pointed out the shortcomings in the civil protection and healthcare fields. It outlined the lack of coordination of the various components fighting biological threats, as well as the lack of understanding of some of the basic principles of professional and strategic communication. At the same time, the crisis has shown that solidarity between people still exists; apart from a few individuals who profit from this crisis in the form of fraud and crime.

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QUINTETO+ Counter-CBRN terrorism cross-border exercise

In terms of scale, a CBRN incident may be local but also vast and trans-border and, as such, it may require a fast international reaction. The need of the knowledge related to CBRN threats is evident and strategic to develop adequate countering strategies. Therefore, the Consortium where International Security and Emergency Management Institute was leading partner of the project “Gap analysis on detection of CBRN threats and organization of cross-border exercise” has been assigned by the European Commission within the framework contract to provide a good overview of the scenarios of possible CBRN terrorist attacks and to provide a gap analysis in relation to detection capabilities.

For more information click HERE